Guernica is a Pablo Picasso painting from 1937, named after the place Guernica in the Spanish Basque Country. The reason for the painting is the bombing of Guernica by the fascists led by Francisco Franco, to break the resistance of the Republicans. The painting, with its enormous dimensions 3.49 m high and 7.76 m wide, is one of Picasso's most impressive and controversial works.
The painting shows the city during the bombing. There is much to see at the same time in the painting. A horse rushing into a house in a panic. On the right, someone falls off the burning roof and a mother cries for her dead child. Pablo Picasso wanted the painting to make the chaos feel during a bombing when you look at the painting. The background is also mixed up, there is no difference between inside and outside. People are running out of their houses in a panic.
The painting is painted in lines and surfaces in black, white and gray to express the war. It is not a realistic painting. Pablo Picasso tried to convey the feeling during the bombing, not what it looked like. At the front of the painting is a man with a broken sword. A symbol for a dead soldier. The horse expresses the fear and is the symbol for the innocent victims of the war. The mother with the dead child symbolizes the grief for the fallen. The lamp in the painting symbolizes the explosion and the bombing in Guernica.